Mozambique – son or daughter wedding is driven by sex inequality together with belief that girls are somehow inferior compared to guys.

* Child marriage prevalence could be the portion of females 20-24 years old who have been hitched or in union before they certainly were 18 yrs . old (UNICEF State associated with World’s kids, 2017)

What is the kid wedding price? How large of an issue is child marriage?

Based on UNICEF, Mozambique has got the ninth greatest kid wedding prevalence price on the planet in addition to fifteenth greatest absolute quantity of child brides – 649,000.

The median ages of marriage are cheapest in Cabo Delgado and Manica.

A 2017 World Bank research estimates that closing kid wedding in Mozambique could notice a 15.6per cent increase in profits and efficiency.

Is there country-specific motorists of kid wedding in this nation?

In Mozambique, son or daughter wedding can be driven by:

  • Poverty: Girls residing in rural areas of Mozambique as well as in the poorest households marry at a more youthful age.
  • Gender norms: conventional sex norms carry on to operate a vehicle son or daughter wedding in rural Mozambique, where intimate initiation rites usually encourage the subordination of a lady to her spouse.
  • Adolescent pregnancy: Adolescent pregnancy is closely associated with son or daughter wedding. In rural areas, nearly all adolescent moms are hitched within their teenagers. On average, girls have their child that is first 15 once they have married. Evidence demonstrates that usage of contraception could reduce teenage pregnancies significantly and son or daughter wedding.

Just What has this nation invested in?

Mozambique has dedicated to eradicate son or daughter, early and forced wedding by 2030 in accordance with target 5.3 for the Sustainable Development Goals.

Mozambique co-sponsored the 2013 Human Rights Council quality on kid, early and forced wedding and finalized a joint declaration at the 2014 Human Rights Council calling for an answer on youngster wedding.

Mozambique ratified the meeting in the legal rights associated with the son or daughter in 1994, which sets the absolute minimum age of wedding of 18, and acceded into the meeting regarding the eradication of All types of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1997, which obligates states to make sure free and consent that is full wedding.

Mozambique is just a focus nation of this UNICEF-UNFPA Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child wedding, a multi-donor, multi-stakeholder programme working across 12 nations over four years.

In 1998 Mozambique ratified the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare for the son or daughter, including Article 21 in connection with prohibition of child wedding.

In 2005 Mozambique ratified the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights in the Rights of Women in Africa, including Article 6 which sets the age that is minimum wedding as 18.

During its 2016 Universal Periodic Review, Mozambique supported guidelines to ascertain the age that is minimum of at 18 yrs . old and also to operationalise a sex strategy in the training system so that you can fight son or daughter marriage.

What’s the federal federal government doing to address this in the nationwide degree?

The Ministry of Gender, kids and personal Affairs is promoting a National Costed technique to Prevent and Eliminate Child Marriage (2016-2019) that will be being implemented in collaboration with UNICEF, UNFPA while the Girls perhaps perhaps Not Brides national partnership (CECAP).

The strategy originated through consultation with numerous ministries, worldwide agencies, donor lovers therefore the nationwide Coalition to End Child Marriage. It has eight pillars that are main including:

  • A communications and mobilisation campaign that is social
  • Improving girls’ access to training and intimate and reproductive wellness solutions
  • Help for married girls
  • Reform associated with the legal framework.

What’s the minimal appropriate framework around wedding?

Underneath the Family Law 2004 the minimal legal chronilogical age of wedding is 18 years. Though the legislation additionally enables wedding at 16 years in excellent circumstances with judicial consent.

African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, African Charter in the Rights and Welfare associated with the Child, website, 2018, (accessed February 2018)

United Nations, Sustainable Development Knowledge system, website, 2017, (accessed February 2018)

World Bank and Global Center for Research on ladies, Economic Impacts of Child Marriage: international Synthesis Report, 2017, (accessed February 2018)

* Child marriage prevalence may be the portion of females 20-24 yrs . old who have been married or perhaps in union before they certainly were 18 years old (UNICEF State of this World’s kids, 2017)

Nationwide Partnership in Mozambique

Girls Not Brides Mozambique may be the girls that are official Brides National Partnership in Mozambique, also known as the Coligacao para a Eliminacao ag ag e Prevencao 2 Casamentos Prematuros (CECAP)

It had been formed in 2014.

CECAP is made up of 40 civil culture organisations which is led the Forum da Sociedade Civil para os Direitos da Crianca (ROSC) with strong help from World Vision Mozambique.

CECAP’s mission is always to eradicate son or daughter wedding in Mozambique through the strengthening of research, policy advocacy, social mobilisation and collaboration among appropriate actors within culture.